Journal of Literature & Linguistics

KNP Journal of Literature & Linguistics publishes peer-reviewed papers in distinct literary and linguistics related researches worldwide. The primary objective of the journal is to augment significantly the body of knowledge in the field of Literature & Linguistics. This is a forum for Literature & Linguistics practitioners and researchers who are interested in producing and publishing effective and quality original research works/theses/research reports. The Literature & Linguistics research journal aims to facilitate literary ways and evolving linguistic practices around the globe to achieve the best outcomes.

Volume: 1 | Issue: 1

Showing Articles 5

Examination of the Wals
AN EXAMINATION OF THE WALS (THE WORLD ATLAS OF LANGUAGE STRUCTURES) DEMONSTRATION: SIMILARITIES AMONG NATIVE AMERICAN LANGUAGES

Abstract

Background: An exploration of WALS (i.e., the World Atlas of Language Structures, has brought out several linguistic features. Languages differ significantly in their syntactic and morphological systems and in the social environments in which they exist that are significantly better represented the similarity among the American languages. 


Methods: Quantitative research design using SPSS software for the calculations of variance that applied on the whole languages data using a combination of demographic sources of the World Atlas of Language Structures WALS, whether there was a significant difference between Native American languages and the languages concerning the typological features and database of structural language properties. Such as 21 elements have persisted to specific subareas of the Americas. 

 

Results: It was found strong relationships between linguistic factors related to morphological complexity and demographic/socio-historical factors such as the number of language users, geographic spread, and degree of language contact to all or most of the languages of the Americas. The analyses suggest that languages spoken by large groups have more superficial inflectional morphology than languages spoken by smaller groups. 

 

Conclusion: The outcomes of the current research that language structures are subjected to proposed language and linguistic has implications, and the native American languages differ regarding language acquisition capacities that certify the decision regarding whether the correspondences among new languages reflect family or dispersion.

 

Keywords: Native American languages, language traits, genetic relationship, areal diffusion, linguistic typology.

Volume: 1 | Issue : 1 | Ewan Jackson ... | Dec 22,2021 | Download PDF

Language as the Medium
USING LANGUAGE AS THE MEDIUM OF COMMUNICATION: THE CASE OF A JOB POSTING

Abstract

Background/Objective: This research is relative to communication as an effective tool. This article analyses the role of communication that gives rise to employment. It introduces a communicative event whereby language is used to communicate for job advertisements.


Methodology: Advertisers manipulate the use of language to convince job-seekers of the posted jobs. Here, we will look into the language style and textual layouts which the job posters use for the classified advertisements of job vacancies. A qualitative research analysis is done to describe the data. For this purpose, content analysis of the advertisements from a newspaper is used to determine the utilized words and themes. The advertisements are taken from the local English newspaper. 

 

Findings: The research describes the results of the data analysis to analyse the language of advertisings. Our main focus is on analysing the classified advertisement samples. The results aligned with the six main primary aspects of a text interpretation.

 

Conclusion: The affordance of ads to publish multimodal content to attract job-seekers allows advertisers to use a wide range of resources such as an appealing title, summary of responsibilities, written language, text layout, working conditions associated with the job at hand, and other nuances. This study creates an available environment that can promote attentiveness of a multimodal perspective to the understanding of a particular kind of professional communication context, such as job interviews, as illustrated in this article.

 

Keywords: Medium of communication, language, persuasive, concise language, AIDCA formula

Volume: 1 | Issue : 1 | Mina Green | Dec 18,2021 | Download PDF

In-Depth Exploration
IN-DEPTH EXPLORATION OF THE ASSOCIATION BETWEEN EFL LEARNERS' INTRAPERSONAL INTELLIGENCE AND THEIR CRITICAL THINKING: AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS

Abstract

BackgroundOne of the many types of multiple intelligence is intrapersonal intelligence. Intrapersonal intelligence denotes the capability of understanding ones' ideas and being conscious of their fears, and decision-making ability in certain situations. In the academic context, these skills are crucial for effective learning. Moreover, critical thinking is also among the vigorous intellectual procedures where one perceives, examines, and considers novel information and assimilates it into their existing knowledge. Therefore, encompassing both of these skills can help accomplish the aimed goals.


Aim: The current study seeks to explore the potential association between intrapersonal intelligence and the critical thinking of English as a Foreign Language (EFL) learners. 


Method: The study has used a sample of 51 EFL learners randomly chosen from an international language learning centre. The participants' critical thinking was evaluated via a critical thinking questionnaire, and their intrapersonal intelligence was assessed through a modified version of the multiple intelligence checklist. Lastly, the correlation was assessed via the Pearson correlation coefficient. 


Findings: The study unveiled a significant relationship between EFL learners' critical thinking and their intrapersonal intelligence. The current sample included both types of individuals with or without these skills. However, the prevalence rate was higher in the present study sample. 


Keywords: Critical thinking, EFL learners, Intrapersonal intelligence, Multiple intelligence.

Volume: 1 | Issue : 1 | David Burrows ... | Dec 15,2021 | Download PDF

Studying the Language
TO STUDYING THE LANGUAGE EVOLUTION, USING TYPOLOGICAL SIMILARITY OF LANGUAGES

Abstract

Background: There are approximately 7000 languages spoken in the world today. The paper surveys recent research on language evolution, focusing on diversity reflecting the legacy of thousands of years of cultural evolution. The models of cultural evolution and how they are being developed and tested using agent-based computational simulations.


Methods: The recent availability of typological databases such as the World Atlas of Language Structures (WALS) has studied their utility for language classification. We evaluate European language families' relative evolutionary rates of both typological and vocabulary features. The first indications are that typological features evolve at similar rates to basic vocabulary. The stability of typological features in genetic linguistics and typological universals across the world's language families.

 

Results: An important perception of such work is that syntactic information can be accurately transferred between European languages. The results suggested that vocabulary changes between the language families are correlated, and the evolution of typological features and structural subtypes show no consistent relationship across families. The language dynamics and the combination of empirical databases and approaches could be employed for language evolution, phonology, or language acquisition. 

 

Conclusion: The paper's main conclusion is that cultural evolution is a much more powerful processor usually assumed, implying that less innate structures or biases are essential, and dependencies between structural elements of language appear to do little to slow down rates of structural change or to limit the diffusion of features between languages.

 

 Keywords: Language evolution, Cultural evolution, Evolutionary linguistics, typological data, language dynamics, phonological categories.

Volume: 1 | Issue : 1 | Ram Parkash | Dec 13,2021 | Download PDF

Collaboration of Grammatical
COLLABORATION OF GRAMMATICAL CATEGORIES AND COGNITION: A THOROUGH INSIGHT INTO THE CONCEPTS

Abstract

Background: Association between grammatical categories and cognition has been widely reported by numerous linguists and research scholars. The grammatical categories help encode distinct information in the mind, assist with the word producing functions, and are thus a vital part of cognition. 


Aim: The current study envisions exploring the probable association between grammatical categories and cognition by inspecting if grammatical gender impacts the perceptions of objects. Furthermore, it is aimed to explore the interaction of grammatical categories and cognition. 

 

Method: A qualitative analysis of the literature has been conducted. The formerly published research papers and articles regarding the correlation of grammatical categories and cognition have been analyzed. 

 

Findings: The outcomes indicated that the way people comprehend things from the linguistics perspective significantly influence their cognitive behaviors. People's understandings concerning several language-specific notions induce numerous cognition phenomena that occur in their brains and therefore demonstrate some sort of connotation in reshaping their views. 

 

Keywords: Grammatical categories, Linguistic approaches, Language cognition, Cognitive strategies, Lexical viewpoints. 

Volume: 1 | Issue : 1 | Rebeeca Edward | Dec 07,2021 | Download PDF